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U.S. banks will be barred in most cases from trading for their own profit under a federal rule approved Tuesday.
The Federal Reserve and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. each unanimously voted to adopt the so-called Volcker Rule, taking a major step toward preventing extreme risk-taking on Wall Street that helped trigger the 2008 financial crisis.
Three other regulators were expected to follow suit Tuesday.
Congress instructed regulators to draft the rule under the 2010 financial overhaul law.
The rule was agreed to after three years of drafts, debates and lobbying by Wall Street banks.
The final version is stricter than many had expected and is intended to prevent risky trading that required taxpayer-funded bailouts during the crisis. But the rule still provides some exemptions.
At its heart, the rule seeks to ban banks from almost all proprietary trading. The practice of trading for their own profit has been very lucrative for big banks like JPMorgan Chase, Bank of America and Citigroup. The rule also limits banks’ investments in hedge funds.
Still, the final version allows proprietary trading when it is done to facilitate buying and selling investment for customers. That is known as market-making.
Also exempted from the ban are cases when a bank underwrites a securities offering, and for trading in U.S. government, state and local bonds.